Szeklerland Conference, 20-22 April 2017
(3rd Szekler Congress)
Date: 20-22 April 2017
Locations: Târgu-Mureş, Miercurea Ciuc, Sfântu-Gheorghe
Date of conference: 20–22 April 2017
Locations: Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş, Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc, Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe
The tradition of the Szekler Congress is intertwined with the modernization of Szeklerland. The first Congress, held at Tusnád/Tuşnad in 1902, targeted practical, public policy issues, wanting to prevent the complete impoverishment of Szeklerland and the emigration of its inhabitants. A significant step towards renewing this tradition was the 2002 Szeklerland Conference, organized for the centenary of the Tuşnad Congress. It addressed scientific problems as well as matters related to public policy and self-governance.
The establishment of three faculties and a separate branch of the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania on the territory of Szeklerland (in Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş, Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc, and Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe) created new circumstances and possibilities which allow that scientific and professional activity focused on Szeklerland be actually employed to serve the development of the region, moreover, the strengthening of regional solidarity.
Our conference (the 3rd Szekler Congress) proposes to promote a realistic image of Szeklerland, to ground the guidelines of a development policy which takes into account the traditional frameworks, as well as to estimate and set forth the professional and scientific potentials of the region.
The 20–24 panels of the 3rd Szekler Congress are hosted by Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania at three locations: in Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş (by the Faculty of Technical and Human Sciences), in Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc (by the Faculty of Economics, Socio-Human Sciences and Engineering) and in Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe (by the Agricultural Engineering Specialization).
Further scientific institutions and associations contribute to the organization of the conference, such as the Székely National Museum (Sepsiszentgyörgy/Sfântu Gheorghe), the Szekler Museum of Ciuc (Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc), the Haáz Rezső Museum (Székelyudvarhely/Odorheiu Secuiesc), and the Regional Scientific Association of Szeklerland (a non-governmental professional organization).
The aims of the conference are the following:
− to present the current state of the researches focusing on Szeklerland and the syntheses from different scientific areas
− to support local self-government in Szeklerland by strengthening the professional and scientific basis of policy decisions
− to examine the modernization-related changes in the territorial identity of Szeklerland from the point of view of administrative reforms (regional autonomy)
− to confirm the co-operation between scientific institutions in Szeklerland (museums, the different Faculties of Sapientia University, non-governmental professional organizations) in order to draw up common projects targeting regional development, and submitting tenders (for financing from European platforms).
The strategic aim is to transform the Szekler Congresses from individual and occasional events into an institutional framework which can:
- ensure a continuous synopsis of Szeklerland-researches
- offer a long-term basis for political planning in Szeklerland, separated, and thus protected, from the incidental character of political life caused by the frequent changes of political actors.
Presentations and panels are organized around the following major issues:
the demography of Szeklerland, the problems of social structure, issues related to Roma people, regionalism and the network of settlements in Szeklerland, region-building and public administration, enterprise development, migration, language rights in Szeklerland, education, values of Szeklerland, monuments and their usage, architectural monuments, the research of the history of Szeklerland.